[WSMDiscuss] Fwd: Resistance to the Myanmar coup, rebuilding popular movements

Jai Sen jai.sen at cacim.net
Sat Feb 6 17:03:06 CET 2021

Saturday, February 6, 2021

Myanmar / Burma in movement…, Resistance in movement…, Democracy in movement…

[Both civil and political disobedience and resistance has irrupted in Myanmar following the coup this last week.  See further on below for a dossier of articles posted by ESSF (Europe Solidaire Sans Frontières (‘European Solidarity Without Frontiers’)).  Thanks, Pierre, for this excellent collection :

Civil disobedience after military coup – ‘We’re not brainwashed’ : A week of turmoil in Myanmar
Protests have spread across country since military coup, as citizens resist return to dictatorship

BORGER Julian <http://europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?auteur13536>, ELLIS-PETERSEN Hannah <http://europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?auteur6395>, Guardian reporter <http://europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?auteur21884>, Guardian staff in Yangon <http://europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?auteur21852>, RATCLIFFE Rebecca <http://europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?auteur5313>
Friday 5 February 2021

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/feb/05/myanmar-protests-week-of-turmoil-aung-san-suu-kyi <https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/feb/05/myanmar-protests-week-of-turmoil-aung-san-suu-kyi>

People make noise on a street after calls for protest went out on social media.  (AFP / Getty Images)

On Friday evening, after darkness fell, the sound of car horns and the clanging of pots and pans and metal railings echoed around the compact grid of central Yangon. It was the fourth consecutive night that people had gathered on their balconies to loudly voice their fury at the military junta now running Myanmar <https://www.theguardian.com/world/myanmar>.

It was Monday morning when the public had awoken to find that Aung San Suu Kyi, whose party had won a landslide election in November, had been detained, and that the army had seized <https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/feb/01/aung-san-suu-kyi-and-other-figures-detained-in-myanmar-raids-says-ruling-party> all legislative, judicial and executive powers.

The country – which spent five decades under military rule before it began transitioning to democracy in 2011 – was once again under direct control of the army.

Despite the army’s history of using deadly violence against demonstrators, small protests have sprung up, and public rage is mounting.

In Yangon on Thursday, small groups of activists played a cat-and-mouse game with police, holding impromptu protests before racing away to avoid being arrested. At Sule Pagoda a truck slowly released a cloud of red balloons into the sky – the colour of Aung San Suu Kyi’s party – to signal their loyalty to the ousted leader, who is now under house arrest <https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/feb/05/aung-san-suu-kyi-aide-arrested-after-saying-myanmar-coup-was-not-wise> with other senior officials.


Doctors and nurses from Universities hospital in Yangon hold up placards as they participate in a civil disobedience campaign against the military coup. Photograph: Nyein Chan Naing/EPA

Drivers, meanwhile, threw flyers disparaging the army’s commander-in-chief, Min Aung Hlaing, from their car windows. On Friday, hundreds of students gathered at Dagon University on the outskirts of the capital, with smaller gatherings taking place elsewhere.

The military has “beaten down” the people and destroyed their dreams, said one student, who demonstrated outside Yangon University. He asked to remain anonymous because he feared being targeted. “I hope our generation will be the last to experience military rule,” he said.

A civil disobedience campaign has gained pace over recent days, with medics from dozens of hospitals refusing to work, as well as many teachers, students and youth groups. In photographs shared online, protesters wore red ribbons to show support for Aung San Suu Kyi <https://www.theguardian.com/world/aung-san-suu-kyi>, who spent 15 years in detention campaigning against military rule. Though internationally she has been condemned for her treatment of the Rohingya, at home she is considered by many to be a symbol of democracy. At protests they raise their hands in a three-finger salute, an anti-military gesture used by pro-democracy demonstrators in neighbouring Thailand.


Yangon University Teachers’ Association members protest against the military coup by wearing red ribbons and raising three-fingered salutes. (Photograph: Getty Images)

“I don’t want to look back some day and think that things did not change because I didn’t help bring change,” said a student in Taunggyi, the capital of Shan state. The people had been robbed by the military, he said.
The authorities have attempted to halt any dissent, and fear of a violent response has deterred people from gathering for mass street protests. In Mandalay, the city’s police chief said protesters would be shot with rubber bullets, teargas would be used, and medical staff protesting outside hospitals would be arrested, according to police documents. About 30 people were reportedly arrested for taking part in pot-banging protests over recent evenings.

Internet service providers were also ordered to block Facebook <https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/feb/04/myanmar-coup-army-blocks-facebook-access-as-civil-disobedience-grows>, the main mode of communication in Myanmar. To get around the restrictions, residents rushed to download virtual private networks – which the junta later said it also would ban – and turned to Twitter to share information.

“People are more educated now and more willing to speak out against the military,” said Tun, 19. “We lived in fear, but we have had some years without it. We know our rights and we aren’t brainwashed any more.”


Myanmar rings with pots and pans against military coup, February 2021 – video

The army has justified its takeover by accusing Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) of widespread fraud in November’s election, but has not provided credible evidence to prove this. The NLD won by a huge margin, taking 396 out of 476 seats, an even stronger performance than in 2015 when the country held its first free vote in decades. The military-backed Union Solidarity and Development party suffered a humiliating defeat, taking just 33 seats.

The military was already hugely powerful before the coup, prompting some to question why Min Aung Hlaing decided to seize power. Under the constitution it maintains control of key ministries and is guaranteed a quarter of parliamentary seats.

“This is clearly not in the long-term interests of the country or the Tatmadaw [armed forces],” said Richard Horsey, an independent political analyst based in Myanmar.

However, Min Aung Hlaing has made no secret of his desire to one day be president, and within the military there has long been resentment over the power-sharing arrangement. The recent election brought such grievances to a head, said Horsey. “I think there’s a lot of people in officer corps who genuinely believe the election was not free and fair,” he said. While the election process was not without flaws, there is no evidence to suggest the large-scale fraud that has been alleged.

Speculation over Min Aung Hlaing’s ambitions matters little to Myae, 60, who wants anything but a return to power exercised through threats and violence.

Roads, transport and electricity had improved in the last nine years, she said, unlike before 2011 when power was provided to different parts of Yangon on a rotary system. “The buses were cramped, run-down and made me feel like livestock en route to the slaughterhouse,” she said.

The tilt towards democracy had helped her feel valued, she said, because the elected government “treats us more like human beings … without the need for stealth and suspicion”.

Minority groups are especially fearful. Yasmin Ullah, a Rohingya rights activist, said her community would be even more vulnerable to abuses. Hundreds of thousands remain stuck in camps and villages in Rakhine, where they are denied freedom of movement and access to education or healthcare.

“It’s much easier now for the military to squeeze people a lot harder than they have in the past because there is not even a perception of democracy any more,” she said, calling for the international community to support human rights defenders in the country, who are especially exposed.

So far 147 people have been arrested, mostly activists and politicians.

Despite such crackdowns, the nightly ritual of the clanging of pots and pans <https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/feb/02/the-nights-of-pots-and-pans-are-back-on-myanmar-fearful-streets> has been getting louder and more drawn out. A revolutionary song that was an anthem for the millions of people who opposed the military in 1988 is also being sung by many. For Tun, 56, who remembers the violence that was used by the military at that time, the peaceful protest is a sign of hope. “These moments in the nights make me believe there are so many more like me who want to be free from military rule,” he said.

Hundreds of Myanmar politicians defy coup, declare themselves to be the true government

The Associated Press

YANGON, Myanmar

Published February 5, 2021

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/world/article-myanmar-protests-spread-as-resistance-to-military-coup-grows/ <https://www.theglobeandmail.com/world/article-myanmar-protests-spread-as-resistance-to-military-coup-grows/>

Protesters hold up a three-finger salute during a rally against the military coup in Yangon, Myanmar, on Feb. 5, 2021.  (STR/AFP/Getty Images)

Hundreds of members of Myanmar’s deposed ruling party declared themselves Friday to be the sole legitimate representatives of the people and asked for international recognition as the country’s government, as protests against the military takeover swelled.

Nearly 300 politicians from ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s party announced they had named a committee to carry out the functions of parliament, according to a National League for Democracy party Facebook page. In a letter to the United Nations and the international community posted on social media, the party also asked for targeted sanctions and for businesses to cut ties with the military, which has vast lucrative holdings.

The party promised to act “in the best interests of our people and in the very essence of democracy.”

The lawmakers had been set to take their seats Monday in a new session of parliament, when the military announced it was taking power for a year and detained them, though most have since been released. It was not clear what, if any, practical effect the lawmakers’ declaration would have. Several countries have already denounced the coup, and the U.S. has threatened new sanctions.

Resistance has been gathering steam ever since the takeover – seen internationally as a shocking setback in the Southeast Asian country, which had been making significant, if uneven progress, toward democracy after decades of military rule. Military pushback is ramping up as well, and the latest politician detained was Win Htein, a senior member of Ms. Suu Kyi’s party. Ms. Suu Kyi and President Win Myint are also under house arrest – and have been charged with minor offences, seen by many as merely providing a legal veneer for their detention.

In the largest rallies since the takeover, hundreds of students and teachers took to Myanmar’s streets Friday to demand the military hand power back to elected politicians. Demonstrations spread to several parts of the country, even in the tightly controlled capital.

Opposition to the coup began initially with people banging pots and pans outside their windows in Yangon, the country’s largest city – under the cover of darkness each evening to avoid being targeted. But now people are being more vocal and visible, and students and medical workers have led the charge.

About 400 protesters in total rallied at two universities in Yangon, some flashing a three-fingered salute, a sign of resistance borrowed from The Hunger Games movies, that they adopted from anti-government protesters in neighbouring Thailand. They chanted “Long live Mother Suu” – a reference to Ms. Suu Kyi – and “We don’t want military dictatorship.”

“We will never be together with them,” lecturer Nwe Thazin said of the military at a protest at the Yangon University of Education. “We want that kind of government to collapse as soon as possible.”

At the city’s Dagon University, meanwhile, many carried papers printed with images of red ribbons – the symbol of the civil disobedience campaign that activists and Ms. Suu Kyi’s party has called for.

“I believe we will have to lead this movement,” said student Min Han Htet. “All the people, including the students, will have to bring down the military junta. We will have to make sure that juntas never appear again in the next generation.”

There was also at least one demonstration Friday in Naypyitaw – highly unusual for the city, which was purpose-built under the previous military government, has a heavy military presence and lacks the tradition of protest of the former capital, Yangon. Medical staff at the city’s biggest hospital gathered behind a big banner condemning the coup. Medical personnel have been at the forefront of the resistance.

Another protest was held in Myanmar’s southern Tanintharyi Region, where about 50 chanting people marched, reported the online news agency Dawei Watch.

The military has tried to quash the opposition with selective arrests and by attempting to block Facebook to prevent users from organizing demonstrations. The blocking of Facebook has been only partially successful but is still a blow in a country where it is the primary tool for accessing information on the internet for most people since traditional media is state-controlled or self-censored.

The military’s takeover Monday began with the detention of senior government officials, including Ms. Suu Kyi. She is healthy and remains under house arrest at her official residence in the capital, Naypyitaw, party spokesman Kyi Toe said.

Win Htein, Ms. Suu Kyi’s long-time confidant, meanwhile, was taken from his home in Yangon to Naypyitaw, on Friday, according to Kyi Toe.

The 79-year-old had publicly called for civil disobedience to oppose the coup. He told Britain’s BBC radio in a phone call early Friday that he was being arrested for sedition, which carries a maximum penalty of life imprisonment.

According to Myanmar’s Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, at least 134 officials or lawmakers and 18 civil society activists were detained by the military in connection with its takeover, though some have already been released.

The takeover has been criticized by U.S. President Joe Biden and others internationally who pushed for the elected government to be restored.

The UN Security Council, in its first statement on the matter, “stressed the need to uphold democratic institutions and processes, refrain from violence, and fully respect human rights, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law.” While the U.S. and others have described the military’s actions as a coup, the Security Council’s unanimous statement did not.

Protests against the coup were also held Friday in India, Indonesia and South Korea, sometimes led by people from Myanmar.

The military seized power shortly before a new session of parliament was to convene, accusing Ms. Suu Kyi’s government of refusing to address allegations of voting irregularities in the election her party won in a landslide. The state election commission has said it found no evidence of fraud.

Myanmar was under military rule for five decades after a 1962 coup, and Ms. Suu Kyi’s five years as leader had been its most democratic period, despite continued use of repressive colonial-era laws.

> Begin forwarded message:
> From: ESSF <contact at europe-solidaire.org>
> Subject: Resistance to the Myanmar coup, rebuilding popular movements
> Date: February 6, 2021 at 12:01:39 AM EST
> To: <jai.sen at cacim.net>
> Reply-To: ESSF <contact at europe-solidaire.org>

View this email in your browser <https://us8.campaign-archive.com/?e=6b46c9ae1f&u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=2410905eac>

Europe Solidaire Sans Frontières
The coup in Myanmar is a terrible blow for Burmese democrats. We report on the first signs of popular resistance. 
Civil disobedience after military coup – ‘We're not brainwashed': a week of turmoil in Myanmar <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=bacaf3ecd8&e=6b46c9ae1f>
By BORGER Julian, ELLIS-PETERSEN Hannah, Guardian reporter, Guardian staff in Yangon, RATCLIFFE Rebecca
Protests have spread across country since military coup, as citizens resist return to dictatorship 
On Friday evening, after darkness fell, the sound of car horns and the clanging of pots and pans and metal railings echoed around the compact grid of central Yangon. It was the fourth consecutive night that people had gathered on their balconies to loudly voice their fury at the military junta now running Myanmar. 
It was Monday morning when the public had awoken to find that Aung San Suu (...)

- Burma / Myanmar <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=0cc0ade8d7&e=6b46c9ae1f> / Civil disobedience <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=f347ad1b29&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Forms of struggle <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=2ac2af56ad&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Military <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=66e3f6319a&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Aung San Suu Kyi <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=0483dd5d0f&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Min Aung Hlaing <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=48f70e0092&e=6b46c9ae1f>, NLD (Burma) <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=dbe2638b46&e=6b46c9ae1f>

Myanmar's Military Was Already in Charge, So Why Did It Stage a Coup? <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=7db7fe1ae8&e=6b46c9ae1f>
By CARROLL Joshua 
For the past ten years, as Myanmar has transitioned from an outright dictatorship, the country's military has gotten just about everything it wanted. But early on Monday morning, it did stage a coup. Why? The answer could be as simple as commander-in-chief Min Aung Hlaing's greed and ambition. It's also possible that toppling Suu Kyi just before she began her second term was the military's plan all along... 
For the past ten years, as Myanmar has transitioned from an outright dictatorship, the (...)

- Burma / Myanmar <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=55d7d59b53&e=6b46c9ae1f> / Military <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=f2ebaa0b5c&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Min Aung Hlaing <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=24f91ee727&e=6b46c9ae1f>, 2015 <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=def0a23a64&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Aung San Suu Kyi <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=e425f3810d&e=6b46c9ae1f>, NLD (Burma) <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=8c5dcc3865&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Law & Constitution <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=f4670fc516&e=6b46c9ae1f>

Myanmar's Labor Movement Is Central to the Fight Against Authoritarianism <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=f7fe39f8f2&e=6b46c9ae1f>
By HAACK Michael, LIN Kevin, MYINT Ma Moe Sandar
On Monday, Myanmar's military seized power in a coup d'etat, deposing former international darling Aung San Suu Kyi. The military putsch dramatically exposed Myanmar's widely lauded democratic transition — which came to the world's attention with the freeing of Suu Kyi in 2010 and the first democratic election in decades in 2015 — as fundamentally flawed. The 2008 constitution that governs the country grants the military full control over key ministries and broad authority to declare a state of (...)

- Burma / Myanmar <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=2a25968cab&e=6b46c9ae1f>

Myanmar: Aung San Suu Kyi could face two years in jail over ‘illegal' walkie-talkies <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=c85a776fdc&e=6b46c9ae1f>
Ousted Myanmar leader facing prison as civil disobedience campaign against military coup grows 
Myanmar police have charged ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi with possession of illegally imported walkie-talkies, which could result in a two-year prison sentence, as a civil disobedience campaign grew against the military's coup. 
A document from a police station in the capital, Naypyitaw, said military officers who searched Aung San Suu Kyi's residence had found handheld radios that were imported (...)

- Burma / Myanmar <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=6b35764acf&e=6b46c9ae1f>

Who profits from a coup? The power and greed of Senior General Min Aung Hlaing <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=343dff1db4&e=6b46c9ae1f>
By Justice for Myanmar
A show of force from the Myanmar military over the past few days, led by its Commander-in-Chief, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, has caused a political crisis that threatens the “disciplined” democracy the military themselves engineered. The military's talk of a coup, coupled with the sudden parade of tanks patrolling major cities, has caused public fear and anxiety, at a time when the people are grappling with a wave of Covid-19 and economic crisis. 
Echoing the persistent claims by the (...)

- Burma / Myanmar <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=7b210ceb8b&e=6b46c9ae1f> / Min Aung Hlaing <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=0b64a10d3b&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Military <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=01b5c48e68&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Corruption (Eng) <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=a4e0ee73de&e=6b46c9ae1f>

State of emergency: Myanmar army takes power in coup as Aung San Suu Kyi detained <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=1f2ab41451&e=6b46c9ae1f>
By Guardian staff in Yangon, RATCLIFFE Rebecca
Military has previously threatened to ‘take action' over alleged fraud in a November election 
Myanmar's military has taken power in a coup and declared a state of emergency, hours after detaining Aung San Suu Kyi and other senior figures from the ruling party. 
Phone and mobile internet services in the city of Yangon were down on Monday morning and military trucks, one carrying barbed-wire barriers, were parked outside City Hall. The state-run MRTV network said it had been unable to (...)

- Burma / Myanmar <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=34d78fd808&e=6b46c9ae1f> / Military <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=b1a19315bc&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Aung San Suu Kyi <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=fb7620e293&e=6b46c9ae1f>, NLD (Burma) <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=ebc907805b&e=6b46c9ae1f>

Statement (Malaysia): No to military coup in Myanmar <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=91b0ecce8d&e=6b46c9ae1f>
By PSM (Malaysia)
Socialist Party of Malaysia (PSM) is deeply concerned over the latest political development in Myanmar. We strongly condemn the unfolding military coup that involves the detention of the State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and other political leaders from the ruling party, dissolution of the Assembly of the Union, suspension of the Constitution and declaration of a state of emergency. 
Despite the many flaws of Aung San Suu Kyi's administration for the last five years in power, including the (...)

- Burma / Myanmar <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=f38d31efcc&e=6b46c9ae1f> / Military <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=f914e76b88&e=6b46c9ae1f>, PSM (Malaysia) <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=93a5ad75a9&e=6b46c9ae1f>, Malaysia <https://europe-solidaire.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=5c732dd5ee65845cf20fd724a&id=6fa0e531a7&e=6b46c9ae1f>

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